Products You Use Daily Depend On Cold Chain Management

Consumers use a multitude of diverse products throughout their day, but rarely think about the transport industry that delivers these items to retail outlets where they are easy to obtain. Even less regarded, are the articles that require special treatment to bring them to the end-user. From delivering life-saving vaccines to clinics and hospitals to transporting live Christmas trees across many states, very dependable cold storage and transport is crucial. This is known as the cold chain, and it starts from the moment a product leaves the manufacturer to the moment that delivery is made to the end-user.

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/vac-storage.pdf, vaccines must be kept at the correct temperature while in transport and during storage to maintain their potency. This is critical, since entire populations could be at risk of disease if not for vaccines that work, as they should. Additionally, a large scientific community relies on cold chain management to handle its biomaterials storage and transportation issues. Cold chain providers may even supply storage after the products arrive at their destination.

Technology, in the cold chain family of industries, spans a wide range of products and services, and engineers continuously brainstorm for better designs, methods and cost-effective solutions. Thermodynamics play an important role for engineers who are responsible for designing new and improved refrigerants, insulated thermal containers and packaging methods. Where foods, pharmaceuticals, biomedical and life sciences are concerned, all cold chain processes must adhere to standard Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP,) as well as Good Transportation Practices (GTP,) both of which are under the jurisdiction of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA.)

Logistics could present a plethora of concerns, if not for the expertise of companies who play big roles in cold chain management. First, a plan is made that integrates the various handlers in a product’s transport, and then it is streamlined to be sure that cost-effectiveness is balanced with safety, lead-times and dependable service. In addition, most products call for their own unique system to manage their cold chain needs. A continually changing world, which welcomes new varieties of imported food products, calls for new cold transfer policies to be determined and implemented.

Specially designed refrigerants for packing offer the best thermal protection for the products they keep cold, and they are made to fit any product’s shipping configuration. Slim brick-shaped refrigerants have hermetic seals, are puncture-resistant and they stay cold the longest. Other refrigerant’s are made from phase change material that mimics the freezing and melting points of the products it protects. The results are size and weight reductions, which directly affects freight prices.

Certain products, such as bags of human blood for research or hospital emergency use, require auditable records of the blood’s temperature during its storage and transport. This is accomplished with industry temperature indicators and recorders, which comply with regulatory rules. Furthermore, freeze points and other thermal dynamics are adjustable to fit custom specifications for management of ultra-sensitive human and animal tissue, despite fluctuating outdoor temperatures.

6 Steps To Protect Your Server From Hackers

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Train: Now, this might seem obvious, but you must train your IT staff or others who will access the network. Remember, with one false move, a worker can cause a lot of irreversible damage to your systems.

Updates: Without a doubt, if you do not update your server and add patches, you will see problems in the future. Every year, thousands of computers and servers are infected by a virus because the user does not make simple updates. Luckily, whether you have a Windows or Linux server, you should not have problems making simple updates. When doing so, you will go a long way in protecting your computer and preventing issues.

Minimize software: While it is fun to use a lot of software, you should keep a minimal approach. Remember, when you have too many programs, you will have to deal with plenty of issues. Since one backdoor hacking incident can knock your server offline, you should only use software you truly need.

With these six tips, you can run your server and not worry about serious issues. Simply put, when you can protect your system against hackers and mischievous individuals, you will go a long way in saving time and money as one incident will cause serious issues.

4 Ideal Start-Up Business Ideas For Major Geeks

While sitting around taping my glasses together and readjusting my pocket protector, I started thinking more intently about start-up businesses that geeks would be a perfect match for. Us geeks can only hide in our cubicles for so long, but at some point we have to launch our master plan to take over the corporate world. Who better to show the rest of those math-phobes and science-phobes out there how it is done? Come on, admit it, when you were a younger geek, you dreamed of the day when there would be Gary Numan style elevator music being piped into your very own office building. Well, the world may not be quite ready for that, but I’m sure we can come up with four start-up business ideas that simply must become a reality in the modern market.

4. Alien Skin Clothing Line:

How cool would it be to walk around wearing clothing that did weird alien like things. When you touch it, it feels reptilian-like and responds to touch in weird ways. Or, the eyes on some alien graphic actually light up and move around on a person’s alien skin wear shirt. Does anyone think that a flexible tail would look good on Alien Skin Trousers? Why is some geek not making this happen for us? This skin-like clothing could be formed from a type of rubber plastic composite that is very stretchy. Shirts with extra tentacles would be nice too.

3. Remote Controlled Animal Toys

Imagine sitting around the house with your kids playing with snakes, lizards, and other robotic animals that you can move about by remote control. What if these toys could interact and defend their territory from invaders? What if they were life sized and were capable of fast intricate movement? What if they could withstand the rugged outdoors too? What if you could take them to the office to use in practical jokes?

2. The Fast Food Arcade

A person should be able to sit down, enjoy a good meal, and play a video game at the same time. Restaurant booths with glass top tables that are really computer screens, which are easily cleaned in case you spill something like soda or catsup on it. Even multi-player games would be nice for the whole family, or just a couple of friends having lunch together. Multiple aps taking up different spots on the table would be nice too, then the little kids could digitally finger paint while the adults do something different in their portion of the screen table, like play a game of digital chess over dinner.

1. Variable Tinting Windshields:

It has always amazed me that no one has come up with a wind shield for the car, where you can change the color of the glass and the degree of the tinting, just by playing with some buttons on your dash board. For starters, it would look nicer than that peal and stick nonsense that starts to bubble and peal after a while. Plus, adjusting the tint to the visual needs one has at a particular time of day, when driving, would probably cut down on the number of accidents that occur on the road.

Honestly, there are so many great ideas not being capitalized on that would make the world a more fun and interesting place. And those who have genuine geekness could bring many of these items to market. Just in the realm of A. I. development alone, the number of new devices that could be brought to market is staggering. The market is simply waiting for geeks like us to make it happen.

8 Interesting Fields of Law to Consider Before Starting Law School

Before you start law school, it’s a good idea to have a game plan. Between studying, moot court, law journals, and part-time jobs, it’s easy to let three years fly by without adequately planning for your future career. Taking time to research legal specialties now will give you an edge when planning courses and applying for clerkships. Here are 8 legal fields you may want to consider.

1. Tax law: The IRS code is well over 1,000 pages and growing. Individuals and businesses need expert legal advice to assist with tax planning and address taxation issues as they come up. Tax lawyers should be well-versed in the Internal Revenue Code, state and local tax codes, Tax Court decisions, and administrative rulings. Since tax issues intersect with many other aspects of the law, tax lawyers have opportunities to work on a variety of issues.

2. Education lawyers: Education lawyers work with school districts and parents to resolve issues at the federal, state, and district levels. Some education lawyers work as general counsel for school districts and provide general representation in all pertinent areas of education law. These lawyers may also be involved in the legislative process. Other education lawyers focus on special education law, or represent families in student discipline matters.

3. Family law: Family lawyers are always in high demand. A family lawyer works on issues involving family relationships, like adoption and divorce. Most family lawyers work in small firms or are solo practitioners.

4. Immigration law: Immigration to the United States is at all-time high. Most immigration lawyers work with families to secure and maintain legal status, or apply for citizenship. Some immigration attorneys may represent undocumented immigrants in deportation proceedings. Immigration law is a complex and growing area that can provide many opportunities for specialization.

5. Real estate law: Real Estate attorneys may concentrate on transactional work, or they may prefer to focus their energies on litigation. Real estate attorneys assist with all aspects of owning and transferring real property. This can include real estate transactions, land use and development, and landlord/tenant disputes.

6. Criminal law: Like family lawyers, criminal attorneys are always needed. Criminal lawyers can focus on prosecuting crimes, or they may choose to defend individuals who have been accused of a crime. Criminal attorneys are litigators and should expect to spend much of their time in court at various pre-trial hearings and trying cases before juries. Criminal defense attorneys may be employed by private firms, or they can provide defense to the indigent as Public Defenders.

7. Civil Rights law: Some of the greatest attorneys of the 20th century practiced in the area of civil rights law. If you have a passion for social justice and a strong understanding of constitutional law, this may be the right field for you. Civil rights attorneys primarily practice in non-profit law firms or work for the government.

8. Environmental law: This growing area needs lawyers who are passionate about the environment and possess the skills to navigate a complex and changing regulatory framework. Environmental law attorneys may focus on issues ranging from land use to toxic torts.

These are just a few of the many legal specializations available. Take some time to research potential legal fields before starting law school. If you know where you want to go, getting there is easy.

How To Chose The Right Lawyer After Getting A DUI

A DUI arrest is a serious legal matter that can have both immediate and long-lasting negative consequences. As a result of a DUI conviction, a person can lose his or her license, become incarcerated and have a permanent criminal record. For all of these reasons, it is important for a person with a DUI charge to choose the right criminal defense lawyer. There are a number of different things that a person should consider when choosing a DUI lawyer.

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Experience

Though all attorneys are legally allowed to defend a person charged with DUI, not all of them have the experience needed to present a proper defense. For example, an attorney who focuses on real estate transactions may not be well informed on the latest DUI related court decisions, the newest testing technology and proper field sobriety test procedures. This lack of experience could result in a client being wrongly convicted or being given a heavier sentence than normal.

Local Court Familiarity

Attorneys are licensed by state and can work anywhere with-in that state. However, having an attorney that is familiar with the judges and court system in a specific area is an asset to his or her clients. When choosing an attorney, a person should find one that has extensive experience working in the specific court where the charges will be heard as the attorney will likely be better able to negotiate a settlement or argue the case.

Ethics

Like anyone engaged in business, it shouldn’t be surprising if an attorney has a past client or two that is unhappy with their work as it simply isn’t possible to please everyone. However, numerous complaints with the state bar about an attorney may be an indication of a problem. A client should check with the bar in his or her state to find about any complaints against a prospective attorney.

Personality

As with any other professional relationship, a person should choose an attorney that he or she is comfortable working with on a regular basis. An attorney and client who clash personally are unlikely to work well together and obtain a favorable ruling for the client. An attorney should be open to discussing the case, should listen to the client’s story and take the time to answer any questions that the client may have about the case.

License Recovery

Almost all DUI convictions will result in a suspended driver’s license. However, a competent lawyer will be able to assist a client in recovering his or her license. To do this, a person convicted of a drunk driving offense will likely need to obtain SR-22 insurance before getting a new license. This insurance is a form of auto insurance for high risk drivers that includes a direct reporting to the state about the validity of the insurance. An experienced lawyer will be able to help a client obtain the proper SR-22 coverage and assist the client through the licensing process.

By carefully considering the choice of lawyer to represent a person’s interests who has been charged with a DUI, a person will be able to minimize the impact the arrest will have on his or her life. This will help him or her to learn from the mistake of drunk driving without being unduly punished as a result of not having an effective legal defense to protect his or her rights.

Five Things to Consider After an Accident

Accidents happen every day. A car accident can come out of nowhere when someone doesn’t pay attention. A slip is just one misstep away, especially in icy conditions. Injuries happen all the time.

If you have been injured in an accident, you may want to consider hiring a personal injury attorney to pursue a claim on your behalf. However, before you hire the first one you find, you may want to consider the following:
First, How did the accident happen?

If an auto accident occurs in broad daylight, with ten witnesses and they all report that driver A ran into driver B, who was at a complete and legal stop at a stop sign, then there aren’t any real questions. But most accidents are not that straightforward. While these circumstances shouldn’t govern whether or not you think you have a case, you should consider all of the facts as you remember them.
Second, think about your injuries

Before hiring an attorney, you will want to have an idea of how you were injured and what was injured. A visit to the emergency room or the doctor soon after the accident can easily answer this question.
Third, consider who you hire

There are attorneys of all shapes, sizes and abilities out there. How can you make sure you hire the best? Personal references are always a great way to start. Was a friend or co-worker injured recently? Did an attorney help them? Find out who they recommend, as well as who they don’t. Meet with several attorneys, and go with the one that you feel most comfortable with.
Fourth, think about whether you caused any part of your injuries

Once a claim is made, the other party will likely point to all of the reasons why it is not their fault. Be prepared for it, and alert your attorney to these facts. Did you slip and fall on the stairs at home the same day you slipped and fell at a store? Or did you just walk very quickly through a freshly mopped floor, ignoring the “Caution” sign posted? You may still have a claim for your injuries in both scenarios, but your attorney should be aware of any important facts.
Fifth, can the other party pay for your injuries?

Obtaining a judgment for injuries is often easier than collecting it. Before hiring counsel, pull together any information you have about the other party or parties. What are their names? Do they have insurance? This can be vital in assisting your attorney when pursuing your claim.

Hiring an attorney to pursue your injuries is an important decision. Take care to document your accident, the other parties and your injuries so you can provide this information to your attorney.

Legal Assistance Vs. Debt Consolidation: Why a Legal Professional Can Help

When you are struggling with debt, it is not uncommon to turn to a professional to help you manage the problem. Many people look into debt settlement companies or debt restructuring organizations for help. While these types of businesses can provide some help with your debt, you may be better off financially having legal assistance.

Using an attorney for your debt issues has many benefits that cannot be obtained when using other forms of debt restructuring. An attorney can negotiate your debts just like a consolidation company, but they can also provide you with additional services.

Benefits To Using Legal Assistance For Debt Issues

• Legal Knowledge. Your attorney understands debt and contract law. They can easily work with your creditors to reduce and consolidate your debt within the terms of your contract. Additionally, since your attorney understands these laws very well, they may also be able to use the terms of your contract for credit to your advantage. Most people do not stop and read these terms and they can contain important information about repaying your debts.
• Negotiation. Lawyers are trained negotiators. This skill can benefit you when it comes to reducing your debt burden. Your attorney may be able to have fees and other charges removed from your debt as well as having interest rates dropped or stopped. Each of these benefits will greatly reduce your debt.
• Cease and Desist. Your legal representative ill have the authority to make debt collectors cease and desist all collection efforts while they are in the negotiation process. This will help give you a little relief as you put your financial life back together.
• Credit Reporting. As part of the repayment plan, your attorney can require the creditor to sign a contract stating that they will report the debt as paid in full when it is paid off. Many creditors “forget” to do this, leaving you with a tainted credit report. By requiring these companies to post your account in this manner, your credit score will not suffer the same impact as a bad debt. Improving your credit score will be very important once you have repaid your debts so that you are not facing future financial problems and can reestablish credit.
• Bankruptcy Option. If your financial situation is one where the only option is bankruptcy, your attorney will be able to prepare this type of case for you also. Most attorneys, however, are often able to avoid this option through negotiations with the creditors.
• Future Financial Planning. Once your debts are under control, your attorney can help you establish trusts and other legal documents to protect your assets in the future. This is very beneficial to your financial security. This type of service is only available form an attorney.

If you are facing financial hardships and are not sure where to turn, take the time to investigate a law firm or attorney that specializes in this type of practice. You will be amazed at the help that they can provide and their services are very similar in price to consolidation or restructuring companies. The benefits will help you regain control of your debts and create a bright financial future.

Nine Laws that are Always Changing and How to Stay on Top of Them

Though it might be considered by some to be an inconvenience, the ability of the law to change is actually an intelligent part of the design of any legal system. The best laws are those that can be easily changed or amended to respond to new circumstances or concerns, benefiting a large number of people in the process. Some laws change more than others, though, with nine laws seeing the most frequent revisions of all.

1. Personal Tax Laws

It seems that almost every new tax year brings hundreds of changes to personal tax law, issued by the government in an effort to boost revenue, help the economy, and benefit taxpayers in some unique way. If there’s one change to count on each year, it is certainly personal tax laws and guidelines.

2. Corporate Tax Laws

Like personal tax laws, corporate tax policy is an area of frequent change at both the state level and in Washington, DC. That’s largely because lawmakers are always looking for the right combination of company incentives and revenue-boosting regulations that benefit state and federal budgets.

3. Immigration Policy

In recent times, immigration policy has moved swiftly into an area of frequent change. Whether it’s the debate over a path to citizenship or the financial and personal obligations that new arrivals must follow, this is an area that has frequently adapted to the country’s needs over the past two centuries.

4. Corporate Finance Regulations

From financial reporting regulations to offshore tax policies and more, the government’s interest in regulating corporate behavior tends to wax and wane over time. That means accountants, legal professionals, and executives, must all be aware of the ongoing changes and new ways of doing business. Otherwise, they risk heavy fines and government penalties.

5. Marriage Law

Marriage equality legislation is changing the way people do their taxes and report their finances on a state-by-state basis, and it’s a process that looks to continue apace without sweeping, federal guidelines anytime soon.

6. Distracted Driving Laws

It began with banning in-car phone calls, but distracted driving laws now cover everything from adjusting the stereo to sending a text message or holding a phone up to the ear. These laws change as new public safety concerns arise, and their frequent modification is certain to continue in a high-tech world.

7. Health Insurance Requirements

Corporate and individual health insurance mandates, as well as other requirements for this key benefit, have changed a lot in recent years. Though the pace of change may slow down after the Affordable Care Act’s full implementation in 2014, occasional modifications to this law are bound to be part of corporate and private life.

8. Consumer Finance Regulations

The newly created Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is modifying everything from credit card terms to the availability of some investment mechanisms. Fast-paced changes are about to become the norm for this industry, which will be both a benefit and a burden for those in the accounting and legal professions.

9. Bankruptcy Laws

The nature of bankruptcy has changed over time, including the addition of “financial restructuring” options and more. As personal and corporate finance continue to evolve, so, too, will bankruptcy and its legal jargon.

To Keep Apace, Pursue Continuing Education on Fiscal and Federal Policy

Continuing education courses offer a great way to stay abreast of new government laws, regulations, and other changes that occur on a state or local level. These courses are both affordable and essential, with many professions requiring their professionals to seek continuing education as a way to reduce the risk of broken laws, stiff penalties, and customer frustrations.

Seven Steps To Becoming A Legal US Citizen

The process of becoming a United States citizen can be a long and tedious one. It can take over six months for your application to get processed. The reason that it takes a long time to process applications is because there has been a drastic increase in the number of applications. There are a number of things that you will have to do in order to become a United States citizen. Below are some tips for becoming a United States citizen:
Determine If You Are Eligible

Before you send in an application, you will have to determine whether you are eligible to become a United States citizen. You must have had your Green Card for at least five years and be over the age of 18. A green card is a card that authorizes you to live and work inside of the United States permanently.

You are also eligible if you have been married to a United States citizen for at least three years and have not left the United States for more than six months. If you are engaged your fiancé will have to receive a green card as well before the marriage. You will also be required to pass a test given by the US Citizen and Immigration Services and an interview.

Complete The Application

After determining whether you are eligible; you will need to complete the naturalization application form. You will also need to send in several documents along with your applications. The documents required can vary, depending on your individual situation. You can bring copies of the documents, but you may need to bring the original copies during your interview.

Take Your Photographs

You will need to have two color, passport-style photographs along with your application.

Send In Your Application

You will have to send a fee along with your application. The naturalization application fee is currently $595. Contact the U.S. Citizen And Immigration Services if you want to know more about the fees.

Get Fingerprinted

The U.S. Citizen And Immigration Services will send you a letter letting you know where and when you will need to get your fingers printed.

Go To Your Interview

You will also receive a letter in the mail stating where and when you should go for your interview. It is very important for you to constantly be on the lookout for this letter because you will not be given a second notice. You will need to bring your green card and passport to your interview. Even if your passport has expired, you will still need to bring it to your interview.

During the interview, you will answer questions about your background and education. You will also need to take the civic and English tests.

Wait For A Decision

After your interview, you will need to wait for a decision. If your application is approved, then you will need to take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States and attend a ceremony. The U.S. Citizenship And Immigration Services will let you know when the ceremony will take place.

There are several steps that you will need to take in order to become a legal United States citizen. You will have to first determine whether you are eligible, fill out application, get photographed, send in an application, attend an interview and wait for a decision.

Construction Businesses: Legal Implications Associated with Contractor Insurance

When running a construction business or working as an independent contractor in the field, a person will want to buy a decent contractor insurance policy covering him or her in case of serious errors or injuries. While true, when choosing contractor insurance, one must think of the long-term implications. With this in mind, here are the legal implications associated with contractor insurance.

Who needs it: When working as a contractor, people will often skip this expensive bill as a way to save money. The thought behind this is simple as plenty of contractors think their work doesn’t merit insurance. However, whether you work as a general contractor, a painter, an electrician or in any other construction field, you will need insurance. Otherwise, one false move can cost you tens of thousands of dollars.

May need more: First and foremost, when you want to find a job, the site may require high levels of insurance. This is true when you work on a government building or complete tasks for a corporation. To understand how much you need to carry, ask the owner of the property what they require. While this is a pain, it will save you money in the long run if you buy the right levels of insurance. However, if you want to avoid this altogether, you need to purchase enough insurance to complete any job. Then, you can confidently bid for any work and not worry about needing to increase your insurance coverage.

You may not have the best coverage: While plenty of professionals will rush out and buy a policy, they won’t always buy the right one. Sadly, when this happens, you are vulnerable if errors occur. Think about it, if you only buy general liability insurance, you will not protect your commercial vehicle or your employees. No, instead, to understand what you need, it’s best to chat with an insurance agent who can help you determine your best course of action. Remember, when buying insurance, it’s not enough to sign up for a random service and write a check; you need to choose the policies covering your unique situation.

Workers’ compensation: As mentioned, if you hire contractors or employees, you will need worker’s compensation insurance. While rules vary from state-to-state, you cannot justify ignoring this fact. If you do, not only will you struggle to land jobs where people require workers’ comp insurance, but you will lose out on government contracts where people will verify that you carry enough insurance to protect workers on the site. If not, you will hurt your reputation and end up missing out on future jobs.

Don’t miss one payment: Finally, if you buy the right policy and carry proof of insurance, you can land a new job. While true, you will hurt your cause if you miss a payment, as providers will suspend your coverage. To avoid this, you can either pay your bills automatically or in full from the beginning. Otherwise, with one missed payment, you will hurt your reputation and lose your insurance coverage. If a person discovers this, he or she may kick you off the job site.

With these five legal implications to understand, you can find the best coverage for your construction firm. If not, you will struggle to stay ahead if you commit an error.